If you occasionally experience a sudden flash of pain, a mild tingly feeling when you bite into sour food, or drink hot or cold beverages, you may be experiencing tooth sensitivity.
Tooth sensitivity pain is not always constant; it can come and go. Constant pain could be a sign of a more serious problem. It is still important, however, to discuss your symptoms with your dentist to determine the cause and proper treatment
What causes tooth sensitivity?
In healthy teeth, porous tissue called dentin is protected by your teeth’s hard enamel shell. Microscopic holes in the dentin, called tubules, connect back to the nerve triggering pain when irritated by certain foods and beverages. Dentin can be exposed by:
- Receding gums caused by improper brushing or gum disease.
- Fractured or chipped teeth.
- Clenching or grinding your teeth.
Depending on the diagnosis, your dentist may recommend one or more of the following treatments to relieve the symptoms of tooth sensitivity:
- A soft-bristle toothbrush to protect gums.
- Special toothpaste for sensitive teeth that can either block access to the nerve or insulate the nerve itself.
- A fluoride rinse or gel for sensitive teeth, prescribed by your dentist.
A sensitivity toothpaste usually eases pain in about 2 to 4 weeks. Follow your dental professional’s special home care instructions for regular use to keep pain from returning.